July 19, 2018

Fire Safety for Older Adults

Older Adults at Greatest Risk for Fire Death

Older adults, those age 65 and above, accounted for 14% of the population, but 26% of the fire deaths in 2014. They were nearly twice as likely to die in a fire.

Electrical Fires Leading Cause of Fire Deaths to Older Adults

Electrical fires caused 38% of the fire deaths and 15% of the fire injuries to older adults that took place in homes. Here are some electrical fire safety tips.

  • It is important not to overload outlets and power strips.
  • Use one appliance per outlet especially if it is a heat generating appliance.
  • Don’t run electrical cords under rugs or let them get pinched by furniture.
  • Extension cords should only be used temporarily; they are not designed for long-term or permanent use.
  • Remember that space heaters need at least 3-feet of space from anything that can burn.

Have a licensed electrician inspect your electrical system every 10 years. Small modifications can be made to keep the system current with your home’s electrical needs.

Cooking Fires are Leading Cause of Injuries to Older Adults

Cooking fires caused 30% of fire injuries to older adults that took place in homes. Here are some cooking fire safety tips.

  • Wear short or tight-fitting sleeves when cooking. Loose sleeves easily catch fire.
  • Stand by your pan! Never leave cooking unattended. If you must leave the kitchen while you are cooking, take a potholder or cooking spoon with you as a reminder.
  • Put a lid on stovetop fires to put them out.

Smoking Fires are a Leading Cause of Injuries for Older Adults

Eight percent (8%) of all fire injuries and 8% of all fire deaths to seniors were from smoking fires. Here are some smoking fire safety tips:

If you smoke, smoke outdoors.

Use large, sturdy ashtrays or a can filled with sand to put out smoking materials.

Be sure that matches and smoking materials are fully extinguished. Wet them under a faucet before disposing of them.

Never extinguish cigarettes in potted plants or mulch.

If you are drowsy or falling asleep put out your cigarette. Never smoke in bed.

Never smoke while using oxygen, or near an oxygen source. If you can’t stop smoking, remove your oxygen, wait ten minutes, and go outside to smoke.

 

No Working Smoke Alarms in 15% of Senior Fire Deaths

Of the 13 senior fire deaths in 2014, 15% were in homes that either had no smoke alarms or had alarms that did not operate.

Install smoke alarms on every level and outside each sleeping area. If you cannot install one yourself, call a friend or your local fire department.

Replace the batteries twice a year and test each one once a month. Smoke alarms themselves need to be replaced every ten years.

Alarms cannot guarantee escape; they can only provide early warning. It is important to make and practice a home escape plan.

Keep these three essential items by your bedside: your eyeglasses, a telephone, and a whistle. Eyeglasses will help you see and avoid injury as you escape a fire. The whistle will alert    other household members to the fire and rescuers to your location. The telephone will allow you to phone for help if you cannot escape through a door.